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实验室安全规范(Laboratory Safety Criterion)
发布时间:2015-06-01 阅读次数:4085
一般性规范(General Criterion)

1. 所有新教师、学生都要接受实验室安全管理规范的培训后方能上岗。
All new staffs and students should receive safety training before they can run experiments.
2. 所有实验人员应知晓消防器具位置、紧急逃生通道,以及急救箱位置;
Each individual should be familiar with the location of fire-extinguisher, the emergency passageway and first-aid-kit.
3. 实验室通道,公共通道及消防紧急通道必须保持畅通,严禁在实验室通道附近地板上放置有机溶剂。
Access to exit, emergency equipment, and utility controls shall never be blocked or obstructed. Organic solvents are not allowed to be placed around the passageway.
4. 只有经过批准的人员方可进入实验室工作区域;
Only authorized persons should be allowed to enter the laboratory working areas;
5. 儿童不应该被批准或允许进入实验室;
Children should not be authorized or allowed to enter laboratory working areas;
6. 实验室应保持整洁,严禁摆放与实验无关的物品;
The laboratory should be kept neat, clean and free of materials that not pertinent to work;
7. 禁止在实验室工作区域进食、饮水、吸烟、化妆和处理隐形眼镜;
Eating, drinking, smoking, applying cosmetics and handling contact lenses is prohibited in the laboratory working areas.
8. 禁止在实验室工作区域储存食品和饮料;
Storing foods or drinks anywhere in the laboratory working areas is prohibited.
9. 在实验室用过的防护服禁止和日常服装放在同一个柜子内;
Protective laboratory clothing that has been used in the laboratory must not be stored in the same lockers or cupboards as street clothing;
10.严禁在实验室内穿露脚趾的鞋子;
Open-toed footwear must not be worn in laboratories;
11.在实验室工作时任何时候都必须穿着连体衣、隔离服或工作服;
Laboratory coveralls, gowns or uniforms must be worn at all time for work in the laboratory;
12.严禁穿着实验室防护服离开实验室,如去餐厅、图书馆等
It is prohibited to wear protective laboratory clothing outside the laboratory, e.g. in canteens, libraries, etc;
13.需要带出实验室的文件必须保证在实验室内没有受到污染;
Documents that are expected to be removed from the laboratory need to be protected from contamination while in the laboratory;
14.实验室应尽量避免使用明火加热,使用明火时,使用人不得擅离。
Try to avoid to heat with fire. It is not allowed for the operator to leave when using fire for heating purpose.
15.防止节肢动物和啮齿类动物进入实验室。
Arthropod and rodent should be controlled;
个人实验操作规范( Code of Personal Practice)

1.    实验人员应严格遵循操作规程;实验时应穿实验服,佩带防护镜、手套等防护用品。All individuals are required to follow the operation manuals. Safety coat, safety goggle, gloves should be used for protection.
2.    严禁用口吸移液管;严禁将实验材料置于口中;Pipetting by mouth must be strictly forbidden; Materials must not be placed in the mouth;
3.    严禁戴手套接触门把手,电梯按钮。It is not allowed to touch the handles of doors or buttons of elevators with glove on.
4.    夜间实验需填写过夜反应信息卡并备案。Overnight experiments should be registered with information on card.
5.    高压实验及其它危险性实验应在专有实验室进行。High pressure experiments and other dangerous experiments should be carried out in the special lab.
6.    有爆炸危险实验时应在操作人员与实验设备之间放置透明防护板。A transparent protective shield should be place between the operator and equipments when explosion is possible..
7.    禁止随意丢弃实验废弃物。It is not allowed to throw away the experimental wastes optionally.
8.    严禁往下水道倾倒有毒、有害、腐蚀性废液。因倾倒废液所造成的污染、管道破损、公共设施及其它实验室损失的,将建议学院采取强制赔偿并予以罚款措施。It is not allowed to throw toxic, harmful, corrosive waste into sink. For those who dump waste and result in pollution or the damage of sink and public facilities, as well as the damage of other labs, it is suggested to force them to compensate and pay fine.
剧毒品、易制毒品、麻醉品采购、保管、领用及废弃物处理

1.    剧毒品、易制毒品、麻醉品采购、保管、领用均需遵循相应章程;其废弃物应装在有明确标识的容器中并交给有相应资质的废物处理公司销毁。All individuals are required to follow the operation manuals for toxic compounds.
2.    装载过剧毒品的容器在丢弃前须要将容器内残存物处理。The container for toxic substance must be properly treated before discarded.
化学品规范

1.    实验人员应按照《复旦大学药学院化学品安全使用、处理手册》要求使用并处理化学品。All individuals are required to follow the “Manuals about operation and disposal of chemicals in school of pharmacy, fudan university” .
2.    化学品储存应按照性质分类原则。Chemicals should be stored according to the classification by properties;
3.    化学品转运时最好置于塑料容器中。The chemicals should be put into secondary plastic container when they are transported.
4.    废物处理须清晰标注所属类型,如有机废液,水质废液,固体废弃物。Waste disposal should clearly label the containers with the types of waste, such as organic waste, aqueous waste, solid waste.
5.    禁止将锐器、玻璃、注射器及针头丢弃在需要常规垃圾箱中。It is not allowed to throw the sharps, glass, syringes, and needles into normal waste trash cans.

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